Tuesday, February 6, 2007

Anorexia nervosa - the enslaver of young minds and bodies

Anorexia nervosa is rather rare in the USA - only 15 cases of 100 000 people of the US population a year. As far as this disease is chronic, its general prevalence is a bit higher - 0,1-0,7% of the whole US population. We have already pointed out that young girls of teenage age are mostly subjected to this disorder. Anorexia nervosa is chiefly a psychological disease. The consciousness of anorexic girls is like a battlefield of contradictory and often baseless thoughts. These thoughts seize and enslave their young victims. Let's try to look what happens inside their heads.

First of all, we should note a painful conviction of stoutness and aspiration to lose weight. It is often accompanied with obtrusiveness and anxiety, neurosis, etc. Many personality changes occur because of starvation. Among them are constant concentration of thoughts on food issues, depression, hostility, fatigability, sleeping disorders, low libido, reduced cognitive function. Long-term investigations showed that 15 % of anorexic cases end up with lethal outcome. And the reason of death approximately in half of them is suicide. It tells us about a great emotional disbalance of patients with anorexia nervosa and necessity to consider each case as potentially having a mortal ending.

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